All papers include abstracts. This is the first part of your memoir and the first item the reader will read. Therefore, your paper abstract must be well written and provide correct information.
-The summary of the memoir explains the title:
The abstract is used to explain the title of your paper. It allows your readers to decide if your paper has an interesting enough topic to keep reading.
-The abstract is a short version of your paper
If the reader does not have time to read the full text, the abstract of the paper provides the reader with a short version.
Managers and scientists are sometimes content to read only the abstracts of papers.
-The abstract outlines your paper
The paper abstract gives the reader an overview of what to read next. This helps in understanding and brings context to your memory. A well-written summary will make harder elements easier to understand.
The general rule is that abstracts should not exceed one page. In fact, it should generally be able to traverse quickly.
Summazer must be placed after the preface or acknowledgments and before the abstract (table of contents).
Finally, the abstract of the paper must be written in the now simple form.
You must write a paragraph for each of the following questions:
-What’s the question? Indicate the objectives, problem statement, and research question of your internship report, dissertation or dissertation.
-What has been done on this issue? Briefly describe your research methods and approaches.
-What are the discoveries? Summarize the most important results and your conclusions.
-What do these findings mean? Summarize the main points of the discussion and make your suggestions.
Your readers should be able to understand your abstract without reading the rest of your paper. Acronyms and abbreviations must be stated in the abstract when used because it appears before the list of abbreviations.
Just like your other memories, you should refer to your sources when using them. However, in your summary, you should first state your research and your own findings.
The production of text summaries is a difficult and demanding activity. Summarizing the text well is necessary if summarizing the text does lead to a better understanding of the text. Is it tautology?
Comprehension of the text is never complete or straightforward and varies with each reading. We often encounter this situation. Comprehension of a text stems not only from our reading strategies, but also from the relationship between the text and the reader, and between the text, the reader, the context, and the reading intent. Therefore, to summarize an article well, it must be well understood, which requires multiple readings, and this is under optimal conditions (interest, attention,availability, etc.)
Summarizing also requires an accurate understanding of the reason or purpose of the exercise and the characteristics of the communication situation (one is summarizing something for oneself or others).
Finally, to summarize the specific qualities of the author: the ability to write concisely, thanks to knowledge of structure that reduces the number of words, advanced vocabulary knowledge, the ability to replace different words with common terms, the ability to provide a certain fluidity and rhythm to a Concise text strips its stylistic tricks and more.
Text summarization techniques vary according to their type and domain (literature, journalism, scholarship, science, etc.) and their mode of discourse (narrative, argumentative, interpretation, etc.). We are dealing here not with summaries of literary texts, but with many texts that must be read in a study program for informational and training purposes. These texts come from books and articles of a teaching or scientific nature, often combining information (descriptions, explanations) and arguments. They can be a few pages or hundreds of pages.